What is AI (Artificial Intelligence)?

The use of AI (ARTIFICIAL INTELLGENCE) has increased very rapidly in the last few years. There are many machines that are capable of thinking, understanding and making decisions using AI.

But the question is what is AI (Artificial Intelligence)? And how does this work? What is its use in our everyday life? And what is its future? And how can this technology become a threat to us.

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What is AI (Artificial Intelligence)?

AI (Artificial Intelligence)

The machines we use in everyday life such as smartphones, computers, laptops, fans, coolers, fridges, ACs and do not know which machines. But it takes the help of humans to use these machines. They are operated with human help.

Although we have made many automatic machines but they can only on / off. They still need human help. Meaning that these machines are semi-automatic. To make these machines fully automatic, artificial intelligence will be required.

what is AI (Artificial Intelligence)

Question is What is AI (Artificial Intelligence)?

The ability to think and make decisions is developed in machines by artificial intelligence. Machines are made intelligence so that machines can think and understand like humans and can work without the help of humans.
In simple language, AI can be called the brain of the machines, so that the machines can make their own informed decisions. And can work by himself. Just as humans find their problem window, machines also find their own problem with the help of AI. and it works automatically

Invention of AI-

Artificial Intelligence was discovered by John McCarthy. That’s why he is called Father of AI. John McCarthy was an American computer scientist. He told about artificial intelligence at the Dartmouth collage in 1956.
According to John McCarthy’s theory, AI is a high-end computer science. Meaning that intelligence can be developed in machines like humans, that is, such robots and computer programs can be made that work like human brain.

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AI based robot

Types of AI-

Mainly 4 types of AI-

(A)- Purely reactive AI

Reactive machines are the most essential sort of AI framework. This implies that they can’t shape recollections or use previous encounters to impact present-decided; they can respond to as of now existing circumstances – thus “receptive.” A current type of a responsive machine is Deep Blue, a chess-playing supercomputer made by IBM during the 1980s.

Dark Blue was made to play chess against a human contender with purpose to overcome the contender. It was modified with the capacity to distinguish a chess board and its pieces while figuring out the pieces’ capabilities. Dark Blue could make forecasts about what moves it ought to make and the moves its rival could make, subsequently having an improved capacity to foresee, select, and win. In a progression of matches played somewhere in the range of 1996 and 1997, Deep Blue crushed Russian chess grandmaster Garry Kasparov 3½ to 2½ games, turning into the main mechanized program to overcome a human rival.

Dark Blue’s one of a kind expertise of precisely and effectively playing chess matches feature its receptive capacities. Along these lines, its receptive brain additionally shows that it has no understanding of past or future; it just appreciates and follows up on the by and by existing world and parts inside it. To streamline, responsive machines are modified for the present time and place, however not the prior and then afterward.

Reactive machines have no understanding of the world and in this way can’t work past the straightforward undertakings for which they are modified. A quality of receptive machines is that regardless of the time or spot, these machines will continuously act how they were customized. There is no development with responsive machines, just stagnation in repeating activities and ways of behaving.

(B)- Limited memory AI-

limited memory is included AI models that get information from already educated data, put away information, or occasions. Not at all like receptive machines, restricted memory gains from the past by noticing activities or information took care of to them to assemble experiential information.

Albeit limited memory expands on observational information related to pre-customized information the machines as of now contain, these example snippets of data are transitory. A current type of limited memory is independent vehicles.

(C)- Brain theory AI-

Brain theory is a hypothetical concept. Which works on the principle of human brain. In this, the logic of the human brain is used to think, understand and process information. Meaning that it can think, understand and process like a human brain. Brain theory AI is a concept and work is yet to be done. It has been successful to some extent.

What is AI (Artificial Intelligence)?

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Electric human brain

(D)- Self conscious AI-

It is also called self aware AI. Self-aware AI includes machines that have human-level cognizance. This type of AI isn’t presently in presence, however would be viewed as the most exceptional type of computerized reasoning known to man.

Features of self-aware AI incorporate the capacity to perceive and recreate humanlike activities, yet in addition to have an independent perspective, have wants, and figure out its sentiments. Self-aware AI, generally, is a progression and augmentation of hypothesis of psyche AI. Where hypothesis of psyche just spotlights on the parts of understanding and replication of human practices, self-aware AI makes it a stride further by suggesting that it would be able and will have self-directed contemplations and responses.

What is AI (Artificial Intelligence)?

Application of Artificial Intelligence

Many type application of AI

(a)- Computer game

(b)- Machine vision

(c)- Natural language processing

(d)- speech recognition

(e)- expert system

(f)- surveillance

(g)- super computer

(h)-Intelligent robots

What is AI (Artificial Intelligence)?

Uses of AI

AI is not only used in robotics. Apart from this, AI is used in many fields. Let's see some examples of this-
  • Healthcare sector-
  • Education system
  • Manufacturing sector
  • Finance sector
  • Surveillance
  • Surveillance
  • Space exploration

Artificial intelligence uses in daily life-

AI is now being used in our daily life as well. Now most of the home appliances have become smart. TV, AC, Refrigerator and even the LED bulbs of the house also work with the help of AI. Amazon Alexa and Google Voice Assistant, which is a part of our daily life, are also examples of AI.
What is AI (Artificial Intelligence)?

Future of AI-

If we see today, the future of AI is very bright. Because now we are slowly becoming dependent on machines. And in the coming time we will be completely dependent on machines. Without machines we would have no work.
What is AI (Artificial Intelligence)?

https://builtin.com/artificial-intelligence

What is AI (Artificial Intelligence)?

Threat from Artificial Intelligence-

AI can become a threat to us going forward because many jobs can be in crisis due to AI.
 Just as many jobs have been lost after the advent of computers, the same danger can be caused by artificial intelligence. And unemployment may increase.
And there is also a apprehension that due to AI, machines will start taking decisions on their own, then they will not listen to the words of humans and will do everything according to their own. Putting complete intellectual capacity in machines can be harmful
What is AI (Artificial Intelligence)?

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